Bronze altar = 20 L x 20 W x 10 H (cubits = 18 inches)
Cast sea (circular) = 30 circumference x 10 brim to brim x 5 H, which stands on twelve oxen. The case sea can hold 3,000 baths and is located on the southeast side of the Temple.
10 Basins = They surround the cast sea for people to wash in after the burnt offering.
10 Golden Lampstands = 5 on each side of the temple to burn in front of the inner sanctuary
10 Tables = 5 on each side of the temple to hold the bread of the Presence
100 Golden Bowl
Thousands of Utensils = Huram and Huram-abi made these utensils and pillars including flowers, lamps, tongs, snuffers, bowls, spoons, and firepans.
We see from this chapter that David’s plans are bearing fruit. Solomon explains in great detail the building of the temple.
On the second day of the second month of Solomon’s fourth year he began to build the temple at the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. Of course, this is where David built an altar in I Chronicles 21:18-30 due to disobedience for taking a census.
The temple is decorated elaborately with gold lining everything. The holy of holies is mentioned in the passage with its dimensions of 20 cubits x 20 cubits. There were two cherubim built inside the holy of holies that evidenlty were massive. One cherubim’s wingspan is 20 cubits.
We can see from this passage that the temple being built must be gorgeous.
Solomon begins to build the temple by assimilating groups of thousands to work in specific areas of the temple. Solomon used his father’s alliance with Huram to obtain timber (cedar, cypress, and algum) from Lebanon. When Solomon approached Huram, king of Tyre, for timber he explained the future use of the wood.
A house needs to be built for the LORD my God.
A house where we will burn fragrant incense.
A house where we will set out the showbread continually.
A house where we offer burnt offerings morning and evening.
Solomon has a proper understanding of God by admitting, “But who is able to build a house for Him, for the heavens and the highest heavens cannot contain Him? So who am I, that I should build a house for Him, except to burn incense before Him?
In return for the timber Solomon would send Tyre 20k kors of barley, crushed wheat, baths of wine, and baths of oil. Huram praises God for giving David a wise son with understanding and discretion. Huram sends Huram-abi to Solomon since he is a craftsman with gold, silver, bronze, iron, stone, and wood. He also understands violet, linen and crimson fabrics. This gentleman must have been extremely gifted!
Huram began cutting the timber in Lebanon and sending it to Joppa by way of rafts. Solomon would then have his men carry the lumber from Joppa to Jerusalem.
Solomon starts his ministry well by brining all the officials of Israel to Gibeon and offering 1,000+ burnt offerings on the altar. After the sacrifices, in the midst of the night God appeared to Solomon and said, “Ask what I shall give you.”
Solomon, trained by his father, speaks with the Lord through prayer. He refuses to ask for wealth, riches, lives of those who hate him, etc God honors. Solomon, the son of an exceptional leader, knows that he will need wisdom and knowledge to rule over the Kingdom of the LORD of Israel (28:5).
Solomon’s kingdom begins with formidable wealth while focused on God!
In David’s will he charges the officials to remember his son Solomon is young and inexperienced. The work is great, “for the temple is not for man, but for the LORD God”, so assist him willingly. David also took the gold, silver, and bronze from his treasures and donated it to the house of the LORD. In the midst of his will David asks an interesting question to the officials, “Who then is willing to consecrate himself this day to the LORD?” Amazingly thousands of talents of gold, silver, brass, iron, and precious stones were given from the officials in response to David’s question.
David lets us glimpse into his prayer life. We are able to see praise, adoration, petition, etc.
1. God is blessed forever and ever
2. Greatness, power, glory, victory, majesty, heavens, and earth are God’s
3. All the riches and honor given to man/woman are from God
4. God rules over all with the power and might of his hand.
5. God grants strength and greatness to all
6. Praise the glorious name of our God
7. All things come from God
8. All the abundance provided to build the temple came from God’s hand.
9. David tells us about the Lord, who tries our heart and delights in uprightness.
10. May the intention of David’s heart be preserved in the heart of the people and may they direct their hearts toward you.
11. May my son Solomon keep Your commandments, testimonies, and statutes.
I love what David says in the middle of his prayer (15), “For we are sojourners before You, and tenants, as all our fathers were; our days on the earth are like a shadow, and there is no hope.”
Great leaders know that consecration requires a cost. Great leaders know how to spend time with their God. Inside the prayer they recognize their inabilities, they pray for the hearts of their followers, and they pray for the leaders to will take their place. Great leaders know how to die gracefully.
In this important chapter David gathers the officials of Israel into Jerusalem. These officials included princes of each tribe, commanders of the divisions, commanders of thousands, commanders of hundreds, overseers of property and livestock, the king’s sons, the mighty and valiant men.
David indicated his plans to build a temple for God, but God denied him the opportunity. David was considered a man of war and God did not want him to build the temple. Instead, God will use David’s son to build the temple. In particular, God has chosen Solomon to sit “on the throne of the kingdom of the LORD over Israel.”
David passionately teaches Solomon and all the officials of Israel how to succeed.
1. Observe and seek after all the commandments of the LORD your God.
2. Know the God of your father (David)
3. Serve Him with a whole heart
4. Serve Him with a willing mind
“for the LORD searches all hearts and understands every intent of the thoughts. If you seek Him, He will let you find Him; but ify ou forsake Him, He will reject you forever.”
After David’s address to the officials and Solomon he hands Solomon the blueprints for the temple that were impressed upon him by the hand of God (19).
A great leader recognizes the hand of God and realizes some things are not meant to be. A great leader knows how to pass the torch to the next group of people. A great leader knows why he/she has found success (seeking and observing the commands of the LORD). A great leader will set up the people after him for success.
First Month = Jashobeam had charge of the division of 24,000 men. He was chief of all the commanders of the army.
Second Month = Dodai had charge of the division.
Third Month = Benaiah, son of Jehoiada the priest, was in charge of the division. He was also in charges of David’s thirty men. Benaiah’s son, Ammizabad help lead his division.
Fourth Month = Asahel, brother of Joab, and his son Zebadiah led the division.
Fifth Month = Shamhuth led the division.
Sixth Month = Ira led the division.
Seventh Month = Helez led the division.
Eighth Month = Sibbecai led the division.
Ninth Month = Abiezer led the division.
Tenth Month = Maharai led the division.
Eleventh Month = Benaiah, the Pirathonite, led the division.
Twelth Month = Heldai led the division.
Reubenites = Eliezer
Simeonites = Shephatiah
Levi = Hashabiah
Judah = Elihu
Issachar = Omri
Zebulun = Ishmaiah
Naphtali = Jeremoth
Ephraim = Hoseha
1/2 Manasseh = Joel
1/2 Manasseh (in Gilead) = Iddo
Benjamin = Jaasiel (son of Abner)
Dan = Azarel
OVERSEERS OF DAVID’S PROPERTY
Azmaveth (King’s storehouses)
Jonathan (Country storehouses)
Zabidi (produce of the vineyards)
Olive & Sycamore Trees
Joash (stores of oil)
Jonathan, David’s uncle, was known for understanding and a scibe.
Ahitophel (Jehoiada and Abaithar succeeded Ahithophel)
The Gatekeepers would offer protection. We are told in this chapter that Obed-edom’s sons were “able men with strength for the service”. They were also known as VALIANT men who could handle themselves well.
The Treasurers kept the treasures of he house of God and all dedicated gifts. Shebuel, a descendant of Moses, was officer over the treasures. The dedicated gifts from King David and the commanenders of his armies were from spoil they collected in war. Shelomoth was specifically responsibles for these gifts.
The Hebronites are placed in charge of the affairs of Israel on the west of Jordan. They also oversaw the people on the east side of the Jordan (Reubenites, Gadites, and 1/2 tribe of Manesseh.
A few points on leadership can be deducted from this chapter. A great leader has to know people groups skills and abilities. The leader must then assign them to the appropriate location. This knowledge will come through dedicated prayer.
David and the commanders of the army set apart Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun to prophesy with lyres, harps, and cymbals.
Asaph had four sons and was expected to prophesy under the direction of the king.
Jeduthun had six sons who used the harp and prophesied in giving thanks and praising the LORD.
Heman had fourteen sons and three daughters. Heman was the king’s seer to exalt him according to the words of God.
Each group were under the direction of their father to sing in the house house of the LORD with cymbals, harps, and lyres for the service of the house of God. According to verse seven there were 288 people who were trained to sing unto the LORD.
In this chapter we are reminded of the important work that must be done at the Temple. It also explains the seriousness of this work as Nadab and Abihu, Aaron’s son, are dead due to irreverence and disobedience. The priestly responsibilities (offices) are divided between the descendants of Eleazar and Ithamar. More leaders were found from Eleazar than Ithamar (16 / 8).