Hebrews 9

First Covenant:

  • preparation of a tent
    • the author of Hebrews was unable to speak of the details
  • priests perform ritual duties
  • high priest priest enters second section, Most Holy Place
    • must have blood
      • for his sins
      • unintentional sins of other people
  • the Holy Spirit communicates through this ceremony “the way into the holy places is not yet opened whiles the first section is still standing”
  • gifts and sacrifices offered
    • unable to perfect the conscience of the worship
    • only deal with food,drink, and washings imposed on the body until the holy place is open

New Covenant:

  • Christ arrives through a greater and more perfect tent not of this creation
  • Christ did not use goat or calf blood. Christ used his own blood securing redemption
  • How can you compare the blood of goats and bulls with the  blood of Christ? You can’t–by the power of the Holy Spirit Christ offered himself to God
    • purifies our conscience from dead works so we can serve the living God
  • Mediator enables us to receive an eternal inheritance
  • Redemption from transgressions under the first covenant through death
  • Christ offered a better sacrifice because heavenly things demanded a better sacrifice
  • Christ was offered as a sacrifice for things in heaven itself not holy things created by physical hands

2 thoughts on “Hebrews 9

  1. Jeremy, appreciate the outline, but a question arises in my mind concerning it — is Christ the New Covenant or does He ratify it? Also, related to it — ‘how’ was the first covenant ratified? Your outline made me think through it and would like to hear your thoughts on it.


  2. Daniel, while writing this post I was doing my devos just typing out how the author compares and contrasts the old and new covenants, which I thought were strikingly significant. Your question did help me spend a little time this week perusing thoughts about ratification. I think your question is the 25K question that theologians have been wrestling and writing about for years. I have found it quite interesting though multiple questions have arisen in my mind. Perhaps you can point me to the right questions. Who is the sacrifice of Christ important too? Israel, Gentiles, born again believers? Who is redemption being offered too? Is it appropriate to separate the death of Christ from the New Covenant? If so, what is the appropriate way to do it? Or I guess another way is it okay to disassociate the two from each other? Is it right to talk about the sacrifice of Christ applying to the Church one way and to Israel another way? How did those pre-Christ outside of Israel live with faith in God? There are probably other questions I should be asking so feel free to throw them out there.

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